Border security and immigration at US-Mexico border

Border security and immigration at US-Mexico border have long been contentious topics in American politics. As the 2024 presidential election approaches, these issues are poised to be significant points of debate. President Joe Biden has implemented several measures to address Border security and immigration at US-Mexico border, although his approach contrasts with that of his predecessor, Donald Trump.

Immigration deal hangs in the balance as U.S. border crisis divides the country - CBS News

Biden’s Approach to Border Security

President Biden has taken a more humanitarian approach compared to the strict measures enacted by Trump. Biden’s policies focus on balancing border security with compassion for asylum seekers. Key actions include:

  1. Reversing Trump-era Policies: Biden ended the “Remain in Mexico” policy, which required asylum seekers to wait in Mexico while their claims were processed. This policy had led to overcrowded and unsafe conditions in Mexican border towns.
  2. Increased Humanitarian Aid: The Biden administration has increased funding for humanitarian aid and improved facilities for processing asylum seekers.
  3. Temporary Protected Status (TPS): Biden expanded TPS for nationals from countries facing extraordinary conditions, allowing them to stay and work in the US temporarily.

Comparisons with Trump’s Policies

Trump’s administration was characterized by strict immigration controls aimed at deterring illegal immigration and asylum claims. His key measures included:

  1. The Border Wall: Trump prioritized the construction of a physical barrier along the US-Mexico border to prevent illegal crossings.
  2. Zero Tolerance Policy: This policy led to the prosecution of all illegal border crossings and the controversial family separations.
  3. Remain in Mexico: The Migrant Protection Protocols required asylum seekers to stay in Mexico during their US immigration court proceedings.

Impacts and Outcomes

Biden’s policies have been met with mixed reactions and results, highlighting the double-edged nature of his approach.

Positive Outcomes

  1. Humanitarian Improvements: Biden’s policies have reduced the inhumane conditions faced by asylum seekers. Families are less likely to be separated, and more humane conditions are being provided.
  2. International Relations: The more compassionate stance has improved the US’s image globally, particularly among Latin American countries.
  3. Economic Contributions: By expanding TPS and allowing more immigrants to work, the US economy benefits from an increased labor force.

Challenges and Criticisms

  1. Increased Border Crossings: Critics argue that the humanitarian approach has led to a surge in border crossings. The perception of leniency may encourage more people to attempt to enter the US illegally.
  2. Strain on Resources: The influx of migrants has strained border facilities and resources, leading to overcrowding and logistical challenges.
  3. Political Backlash: The Republican Party and other critics argue that Biden’s policies compromise national security and undermine legal immigration processes.

Double-Edged Sword Analysis

Biden’s approach to immigration and border security serves as a double-edged sword. While it aligns with humanitarian values and improves conditions for asylum seekers, it also presents significant challenges.


  • Humanitarian Relief: By prioritizing the well-being of migrants, Biden’s policies aim to create a more just and humane immigration system.
  • Global Image: A compassionate approach helps repair international relationships and portrays the US as a country that values human rights.


  • Encouraging Illegal Immigration: Perceived leniency may incentivize more people to cross the border illegally, overwhelming the system.
  • Political Vulnerability: The surge in border crossings can be leveraged by political opponents to criticize Biden’s policies, impacting his re-election prospects.


As the 2024 presidential election approaches, border security and asylum issues will remain pivotal. President Biden’s approach, while aimed at balancing security with compassion, faces significant scrutiny and challenges. His policies, viewed as a double-edged sword, underscore the complexity of managing immigration in a manner that is both humane and effective. The outcomes of these policies will likely play a crucial role in the political discourse leading up to the election, influencing voters’ perceptions and decisions.



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